Dr. Heiner Mikosch - Seminar Presentation

Date and Time: April 16th, 2018, 9:00 - 11:00 am

Room: A 101 in the Economics Building (Museum)

Abstract

China´s highly controversial one-child policy was implemented from 1979 to 2015. It was amended several times and resulted in differential treatments in the birth policy depending on the parent(s)`s status of being an only-child or not. In January 2016 the one-child policy was abolished, and all families are now allowed to have up to two children.

We use the heterogeneities in the birth policy before 2016 and the unexpected policy change in 2016 as two sources of identification to investigate labor market discrimination against the expected family responsibilities. In a two-wave correspondance study conducted before and after the policy change in 2016, we sent fictitious resumes to real online job advertisements in three most economically advanced cities in China. The information on the fictitious applicants' gender and whether they were an only- or sibling -child were systematically varied. We find that women, but not men, are subject to parenthood penalty for their expected family responsibilities. It suggests that the parenthood penalty is purely a female phenomenon. We find no evidence of the discrimination against the only-child applicants that is based on the commonly held negative stereotypes associated with them.

About the Speaker

Haoran He is associate professor at Beijing Normal University. He received his PhD from the University of Gothenburg. His reserach interests are Behavioral Economics, Experimental Economics, Environmental Economics, and Labor Economics.